Location: Kansai Dialect Self-study Site / Ch3. Basic Grammar / 1a Verbs / 2 Grammar Note /

3. た form (Past Affirmative Form)

Kansai たform takes mostly the same form as the Standard (of course the pitch pattern is different) EXCEPT the たform of うVerbs that end with う , which experience an euphonic change.
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Dictionary form
Past affirmative
る Verb


う Verb


っ た

う た (ST かった)

う た (ST すった)

()う(get drunk)
よう(ST よった)

() ()
う た (ST いった)

も らう
ろ (う)た/うた

Irregular Verb
す る


To sum up, if the うverb ending with う is…
  1.  -a-う, then the たform is –o-うた (e.g. かうう た)
  2.  -o-う, then the たform is –o-うた (e.g. よう→よう)
  3.  -u-う, then the たform is –u-うた (e.g. すうう た)

Extra 1:  ゆうた & いった  

言うis usually pronounced ゆうin Kansai, therefore, its たform is ゆうた, When you hear somebody say "いった" in Kansai-ben, it is the たform of ()る (to need) or 行く. However, when it comes to the Standard, it could be the たform of 言う, 行くor 要る.

Extra 2: もろうたVS もろた

If the うVerb ending with う consists of three moras, then the shortened たform seems more commonly used like the following;

もらう → ろうた/ろ た(うた)
使(つか) → こうた/こ た

A: ノート、()うた?
B: ううん、友達(ともだち)もろたし、買 えへ んかった /買わへんかった。

(ST ノート、買った?ー>ううん、友達にもらったから、買わなかった。)